Swimming was invented before recorded history. Humans discovered how to swim byaccident. A person probably fell into the water and struggled to shore using adog-paddle stroke. There was an Egyptian hieroglyph for swimming dating from2500 BC. The ancient Greeks and Romans made swimming an important part of theirmilitary training programs. There have been known swimming contests that wereorganized in Japan as early as the 1st century BC.

During the Middle Ages inEurope, swimming declined in popularity. People felt that the water wascontaminated and a source of disease. Not everyone feared the water, however,Louis XI reportedly swam daily in the Seine. During the early 19th century,swimming enjoyed a revival, especially in England, Lord Byron swam theDardanelles river, to prove that the mythological hero Leander could have doneit. Organized competitive swimming began in England in the 1840s.

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In 1844 theBritish were surprised when two American Indians demonstrated the efficiency ofa method of swimming similar to the modern crawl. The British still swam withthe head above the water, a holdover from the days when people believed that thewater was contaminated. An overhand stroke was introduced into England in 1873by J. Arthur Trudgen, who had seen South American Indians using this method toswim really fast. When the flutter kick was introduced, the modern”Australian crawl” was born, and this stroke has since become the mostcommon and most important swimming stroke. FITNESS COMPONENTS To swim well uneed to know how to coordinate your arms and legs to get you through the water.At first you will probably need to have lessons.

Also to swim u need agility andjust gravity. Swimming also requires balance and quickness in some cases. Notmuch is needed to know if you want to swim. Swimming improves heart and lungefficiency, enhances muscle strength and endurance, improves flexibility, andreduces stress. Its easy on the joints, and uses more muscles than most otherforms of exercise.

Although swimming burns a great deal of calories,recreational swimmers tend to lose less weight than would be expected from othertypes of aerobic activity. Scientists say that cold water removes heat from thebody, stimulating appetite to keep the body warm. Exposure to cold water mayencourage the body to maintain fat stores for insulation. To lose weight byswimming, its necessary to cut down on the calories you eat, and to swim fastenough and long enough. Swimming can burn more than 660 calories an hour whenperformed correctly and causes less injuries to joints and muscles than aerobicsor jogging.

It takes only three hours a week of strenuous swimming to improveflexibility, increase strength and build cardiovascular endurance. Swimmingprovides a good aerobic workout if 25% of the total laps are performed atmaximum intensity. However, only 5% of those who swim do so at an aerobic pace.Although few doubt the aerobic benefits of swimming, studies comparing swimmingwith jogging, results found that swimmers lost less body fat than joggers.

Apparently swimming causes an adjustment in how energy is burned, resulting inthe burning of more carbohydrates than body fat. One reason might be thatswimmers retain more body fat to insulate and maintain body heat. However,swimming works both the upper and lower body which jogging does not.

WHAT IS THESINGLE MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENT TO MASTER IN YOUR SPORT? EXPLAIN HOW THIS ISACCOMPLISHED. More than half of all Americans can’t swim. Drownings claimed5,200 American lives in 1990 and is the fourth leading cause of accidentaldeaths for children under 5.

Many feel figures are actually higher, since deathsoccurring after resuscitation or hospitalization usually aren’t attributed tothe original drowning. Many lives could be saved if people would just learn toswim. Correct swimming doesn’t come naturally to the body and can’t be learnedovernight. Those swimmers who are exhausted after half a lap need moreinstruction.

The most common swimming problem is incorrect breathing whichcauses individuals to expend more energy than necessary. Coordinating breathingwith proper head rotation is the key to proficient swimming. Proper instructionis the only way you can learn this, it is the key component to swim well.

WHATIS UNIQUE ABOUT YOUR SPORT? The most unique thing about swimming is the actualracing in the water, you dive off blocks and swim as fast as u can in as manydifferent styles and lengths. BIBLIOGRAPHY “Swimming.” Grolier MultimediaEncyclopedia. CD-ROM. 1996 ed “Total immersion swimming” Arcticles by TerryLuaghlin LIST ONE POSITIVE PROFESSIONAL ROLE MODEL IN YOUR SPORT. Mark Spitz, isa well known swimmer who won a record seven gold medals at the 1972 OlympicGames.

No athlete in any event had ever dominated a single Olympics as didSpitz. In 1972 he won the 100- and 200-m freestyle and butterfly events, and wasa member of the winning 4 X 100- and 4 X 200-m freestyle relay teams and the 4 X100-m medley relay team. Spitz set 32 world and 38 U.

S. swimming records duringhis career. He was a very big role model for aspiring young swimmers.

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