mpania Region, built at the mouth of the Sarnus River, it is located about three kilometer south of mount Vesuvius, between Herculaneum and Stabiae. The city was built around 600 b.c.
by the Oscans. Which was later taken over by Samnites. It later became a Roman colony in 80 b.c. under the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Pompeii became a favorite resort for wealthy Romans and reached a population of about 20,000 at the beginning of the Christian era. The city was heavily damaged by earthquakes in a.
d. 63 and was later completely demolished in a.d. 79 by an eruption of vesuvius that also destroyed Herculaneum and Stabiae.
Here is a quot from the letter of the Younger Pliny Meanwhile on mount Vesuvius broad sheets of fire and leaping flames blazed at several points, their bright glare emphasized by the darkness of night. Roman Architecture is very spectacular and very simuler to Greek Architecture. The Romans like to build temples to dedicate to their gods, Romans also have a lot of art that is included in there architecture. In this research I will talk mostly about their building techniques, and the type of materials they used to construct there buildings, I will also mention some of the more famous buildings that were constructed at Pompeii.The buildings that were built at Pompeii were manly constructed out of a large verity of different types of stones that were found in the hills of Pompeii.
the stones were retrieved from the volcanic mass from mount vesuvius. Here are some examples of the stones that the Romans used to reconstruct their buildings, the Sarno limestone it could be sawn into large blocks this stone is a fair building material and it consists of an unattractive, cold gray color it was used for the capitals of the Doric temple in Pompeii, Sarno stones a very similar stone to the Sarno limestone .The Sarno stone was sometimes used for unfluted column drums to be finished with stucco. But not for building more delicately shaped members, it is more extensively used for the construction of the fortification walls and the edging of streets. It is used in broken chunks up to the size of a loaf of bread in rubble masonry and incertum facing packed with clay for filling. White limestone a fine grained which was like because it had very few veins or flaws, it was used for the thresholds, impluvium rims, cistern heads, strongbox bases, puteals, and cartibula. This stone had little tendency to chip or spall, chips of white limestone were used for paving surfaces.
This stone was used extensively in the base of the podium of the Temple of Fortuna Augusta, the four lowest steps and the alter platform being faced entirely with this stone. White marble From the north quarries of luna appears in Pompeii this stone was used extensively in the Temple of Venus and The Temple Fortuna Augusta for all carved and molded elements. Cruma. A dark red solidified Volcanic foam occasionally used in walls and random rubblework.
The Romans were responsible for the creation of concrete, with this the Romans were able to create very spectacular buildings and temples, with concrete they were able to make dome roofs with out this the Romans would not have bin able to construct dome roofs. This is the difference between Roman and Greek architecture, Greek architecture is mainly square, while Roman architecture seems to be mostly round. But the building in Pompeii were mostly all square because most of the building in Pompeii were not built buy the Romans, but by the Oscans, what the Romans did is they reconstructed most of the building and temples to satisfy their religion and art.By reading and doing some research on Pompeii it gives me a much wider view on how most of the buildings in Pompeii were built. Excavations on Pompeii gave us some valuable information on how the Roman elite live, Pompeii was a very popular place for rich Romans. Because the city of Pompeii was buried in a big mound of volcanic ash the buildings and temples were in a fair condition for excavators to understand the architecture of the city.
Pompeii is a city that was frozen in time a perfect opportunity for archaeologist to get a better understanding ofRoman society.The reference books I used were L. Richardson. 1989 : Pompeii An Architectural History.
And the book by M. Brion. 1960 : Pompeii and Herculaneum.