Julius Caesar: Military and Political StrengthPerhaps no other man in the history of the world symbolizes militaryand political strength as much as does Gaius Julius Caesar.This man became alegend for his military exploits and an almost global setting, his politicalmanipulations which covered decades of cycles which covered power and loss ofpower, and his personal life which to have been played in the most melodramaticand theatrical manner. It is Caesar whose life, betrayal , and death which havebeen immortalized in history and in literature. Caesar who is the focal pointof Shakespeare’s most famous history play the life cycle of Julius Caesar fallsinto an obvious organizational scheme.
His early life was spent the trainingperiod for his rise to political power; his middle life was devoted to theobtaining and consolidation of power, and his death was the final contributionto studies of power and its affect on man kind.The Early Life of Julius Caesar is a classical study of the history ofpower and wealth in early Rome. Caesar was born on July 12, 100 BC. His fatherbelonged to the prestigious Julian clan. His uncle by marriage was Gaius Marius,leader of the Populares which supported agrarian reform and was opposed by thereactionary Optimates.
Marius saw to it that Julius Caesar was appointed flamendialis which is a archaic priesthood with no power. Caesar marriage in 84 BC toCornelia, the daughter of Marius’s associate was a political match. When LuciusCornelius Sulla, Marius’s enemy and leader of the Optimates, was made dictatorin 82 BC, he issued a list of enemies to be executed. Caesar was not harmed buthe was ordered by Sulla to divorce Cornelia.
Caesar refused that order and leftRome he did not return until Sulla’s resignation in 78 BC. At the age of 22Caesar was unable to gain office and went to Rhodes where he studied rhetoric.In 73 BC he returned to Rome as very persuasive speaker. The year before,while still absent, he had been elected pontificate, an important college ofRoman priests.Julius Caesar’s Middle Life was full of wars, political intrigue andshifting of fortunes. Caesar’s first and one of the biggest political moves waswhen he helped Pompey take office. In 69 BC Caesar was elected quaestor and in65 BC curule aedile, gaining great popularity for his lavish gladiatorial games.
When Caesar returned to Rome in 60 BC after a year as governor of Spain, hejoined forces with Crassus and Pompey in a three-way alliance. In 59 BC Caesarwas elected consul, and the year after he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul.During Caesar’s first year of governorship he marched into Celtic Gaul with sixlegions, defeated the Helvetii, and forced them to return to their home. Next,he crushed Germanic forces under Ariovistus. By 57 BC Rome was in control ofnorthern Gaul, while Caesar was in Gaul, his agents attempted to dominatepolitics in Rome. It was decided that Caesar would continue in Gaul for anotherfive years, while Pompey and Crassus would both be consuls for 55 BC.
Julius Caesar’s later life shows how noble and great Caesar can be, butstill not trusted by his good friends. Caesar continued to increase hisprestige. He wore the robe, crown, and scepter of a triumphant general and usedthe title imperator.
He was in total command of the armies, and this remainedthe backbone of his power. As a ruler Caesar instituted various reforms. Inprovinces he eliminated the highly corrupt tax system extended Roman citizenship,and sponsored colonies of veterans.
His reform of the calendar gave Rome arational means of recording time. A number of senatorial families, however,felt that Caesar threatened their position, and his honors. Republicans fearedthat he would become a king. In 44 BC, an assassination plot was hatched by agroup of senators, Gaius Cassius and Marcus Junius Brutus were among these men.On March 15 of that year, Caesar entered the Senate house, the group stabbed himto death.
Julius Caesar probably the greatest man of his time and the mostsuccessful. No other man could do what he did in the manner of how he operated.From his early life to his death no other man accomplished as much than he.
Hisdeath was a sin that should not of happened and could of been prevented.