In the first B.
C dramatist known as Aristotle started to write a series of playscalled the tragedies. They were as follows: the play revolved around a greatman, such as a king or war hero, who had a tragic flaw. This flaw wouldeventually become his downfall and he would fall from his glory. In the case ofobvious it was his hubris; and Oedipus, his pride and curiosity. Through out theplay the hero has many opportunities to overcome his mistakes. On the otherside, the reason that his nature he sarcomas to it and deals with a severpunishment.
Even though these types of plays are still written today mostauthors have varied their loom of writing a tragedy. An example is AuthorMiller. He attempts to illustrate the misfortune in the common man; he showsthis in Death to a Salesman. According to Arthur Miller, “the tragicfeeling is evoked in us when we are in the presence of a character who ready toput his life aside, if necessary, to secure one thing – his sense of personaldignity.” (Tragedy and the Common Man p.1) He is saying in this quotationis that even that the common man can even be tragic because occasionally the onething that she prizes the most, his sense of self-dignity, can be so jaded thathe will sacrifice his own life to secure this dignity.
In Death to aSalesman, Arthur Miller successfully shows that you do not have to be someoneimportant or king to show that. The classical model of a tragedy is that ofsomeone of a high position contains superior qualities such as leadership forinstance a king. However the hero always has a flaw, which may be an excess ofone of these qualities such as hubris. This hero while trying to accomplish agoal such as a quest will eventually be dealt punishment, which is usuallydeath. One could argue that not only Aristotles definition of tragedy is truebut that there can be many different kinds of tragedies. From the tragedy of acommon man to that of a family or group of people. In opposition to Aristotle’sview one could argue that any type of man could show tragic qualities, no matterwhat social environment the man comes from.
The hero could range from a highlyintellectual and educated man with great potential but whose flaw is lack ofmotivation, to a crack addict living on the street who refuses to enter rehab.The fate of people such as this might not be as appalling as death; however maybe economic failure or social rejection. It the play Death to aSalesmanthere is elements to a tragic man by his way of commonness. WillyLoman is in the low social position but it seems to act like he is king of theworld. Family believes that he is the heron in the world and they would benothing with out him.
But he is only an agitated sales man. In the greatestcountry of the world a young man with such attractiveness, gets lost. (Page16 Death to a Salesman) He also shows qualities of a tragic hero. Arthur Millera tragic man would rather die than to face losing his dignity. I think thetragic feeling is evoked in us when we are in the presence of a character who isready to lay down his life. (Para.
4, Arthur Miller) Willy was ready to throwhis life away to be a well-liked man and successful being. His weakness was hewas not able to be as successful as he wanted to so he faked it. He mad himself-out to be top dog but in the end his fate was that he was a nobody or anaverage Joe. He pictures as he prepares for suicide that lots of salesman arecoming to his funeral but its false.
Willy might maybe a common man who isnothing more than a visionary and a liar, but he is still pictured a tragichero. He even thought manual labor manual labor wasnt civilized enough forpeople yet he was proud of the ceiling he put in the dinning room, which wasmanual labor. He shows there that he is a hypocrite. He makes his family believethat if you are well liked in life you will go far with out working hard.They look at him through his own eyes because he has blinded their own.
(B.K.M)He wants to be a well-known man at home around the world in other countries,which is impossible. Because of Willy’s view and action he could be used as theperfect tragic hero.
But there among is today, as there always have been,those who act against the scheme of things that degrades them, and in theprocess of action everything we have excepted out of fear or intensity orignorance is shaken before us and examined (1st paragraph Arthur Miller)Many people may put Death to a Salesman as a boring and non-tragic piece,but Arthur Miller disagrees and says it is one of the best tragic exampleswritten. It is about the common man who in his own eyes and his familys isthe one of the greatest being in the world. Yet the great Aristotle disagreesand says that tragic pieces most conclude of a serious story with a great man.
In the story Willy was serious in his own ways with his on ways. So according toboth these men Aristotle and Arthur Miller the play Death to a Salesmanwas a tragedy.English Essays